How to install Fedora 31 in 10 easy steps
Fedora 31 is 2019 second release of developers’ favorite operating system, and it also the first Fedora release after IBM acquired Red Hat. Packing cutting-edge features and pushing forward the whole Linux ecosystem here comes Fedora 31 and how to install it!
What’s new in Fedora 31?
Here’s an article which highlights new features and changes in Fedora 31.
How to install Fedora 31
1) Boot from a support
The first thing you have to do to proceed with the installation of Fedora 31 is boot it from a support (CD/DVD and USB Pendrives are today the best options), you can follow this guide to create a bootable disk/usb on any operating system. Once you have your support, reboot your machine, select an option like “boot options” or “boot priority list” and select your support, in this way you should see this screen. Select “Start Fedora-Workstation-Live 29” to start the installation. Once done, you may (or may not) be facing the login screen, click on "Live System User" to get to the next step.
2) Fedora 31 Live
Now you’re in the live media, your computer is still untouched. From here you can choose to try Fedora 31 (try it a bit to see if everything works fine; usually audio, video, peripherals and network are the things to look at) or to install it right away. When you’re ready to install move on to the next step.
3) Welcome to Fedora 31
In this step you just need to select your preferred language and keyboard layout during the installation. Selecting your language here will affect only the installation, and you can always change system’s language after the installation.
4) The hub
This is the hub of the installation that will guide you through the basic configuration. Also, until you click “Begin Installation” there won’t be changes happening on your computer. So be relaxed and don’t panic. I will review each step of the hub excluding “keyboard” which should have been set on the second step.
5) Date & Time
By clicking on Date & Time, this will be the screen you’ll be facing. Just select your time zone and set your current time. If you have selected (and I suggest you to) Network Time, time and date will be retrieved from the Internet. If you have no Internet connectivity, disable it by switching off the switch on the top-right corner.
6.1) Selecting devices
This is the most crucial step in the whole installation, pay great attention to what you do, since messing here may mean data loss. If you're not acquainted with disks and layouts I highly suggest you read: Disks, partitions and file systems: a complete guide. In this step you need to select the devices where you want to install Fedora 31 on (yes you can specify multiple devices, but if you’re not experienced, just check one). Now you can face two different scenarios: an empty drive or one or more OS installed. If you have an empty drive, just be sure to select “Automatically configure partitioning” and you’re ready to go. If you haven’t an empty drive or want to do things manually follow one of the next two steps.
6.1) CASE 1 - You have an empty drive
In the case you have an empty drive the screen will be like the one above. If you have enough knowledge you can partition your disk according to your own needs. But if you haven’t I suggest you click on “Click here to create them automatically” (it will have the same effects of “Automatically configure partitioning” in the precedent step.
6.2) CASE 1 - You have an empty drive - result
In case you have an empty drive you will see a similar screen if you proceeded correctly.
6.3) CASE 2 - You have one or more OS installed
In this scenario you have one or more OS installed on your disk. In my screenshot I had a Windows 10 installation, but it is not (yet) properly recognized and is shown as “Unknown”.
- If you want to delete one or more Operating Systems just highlight them and click the minus “-” on the bottom of the left box. After that just click Click here to create them automatically or create partitions manually to complete the step and click done.
- If you decided to install Fedora 31 alongside another Operating System just click on Click here to create them automatically.
If you're inexperienced, before making chances I highly suggest you to read: Disks, partitions and file systems: a complete guide
6.4) CASE 2 - You have one or more OS installed - result
In the case you have one or more OS installed, you'll be facing a similar screen if you proceeded correctly. You can clearly see the new installation (top) and the preserved pre-existing OS (bottom) called "unknown".
7) All ready!
At this point you will have everything configured, beware, now is your last chance to recognize mistakes, and if you click “Begin Installation” the installation will proceed and start modifying your disks. So be sure to double check everything if you have doubts, or ask the help of someone experienced.
8) Installation complete
The installation is finished, Fedora 31 has been correctly installed, but there's still something you need to configure, to do so reboot the machine. Firstly press quit to exit; unlike previous versions, the reboot won’t be automatic so you will have to reboot it manually depending on which Desktop Environment you’re using in the live media. (Usually GNOME: top-right corner; KDE: bottom-left corner.)
9) Initial setup - Welcome
Once the machine has rebooted you will be welcomed by this screen that will guide you through the initial setup of your workstation.
9.1) Initial setup - Privacy
In the era of information Privacy is a long-standing issue, in this step you can easily opt out of data collection performed in order to improve Fedora.
9.2) Initial setup - Online Accounts
In this step you can configure the integration with your online accounts, or you can skip them altogether if you don't use any.
9.3) Initial setup - Configuring user
In this step you will input your full name and username, this will be your user in the system. The created user will also be an administrator user.
9.4) Initial setup - Configuring password
In this step you simply need to input a password, be sure to pick a strong one.
Fedora 31 is the first release after Red Hat acquisition, it is not packed with new features and the only notable exception is Python 2 being EOL’d. Overall a conservative release that improves on system stability and user experience.